Sayings of the Messenger احادیثِ رسول اللہ

 
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Jami' At-Tirmidhi

Book: Chapters on Tafsir (Explanation of Quran) (47)    أبواب التفسیر

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Chapter No: 1

Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Whoever says (something) about the Qur'an without knowledge, then he must take his seat in the Fire."


Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "Beware of narrating from me except what you know definitely, for whoever forges a lie against me deliberately, then he must take his seat in the Fire. And whoever says (something) about the Qur'an according to his (own) opinion, then he must take his seat in the Fire."


Narrated from Jundab bin Abdullah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Whoever says (something) about the Qur'an according to his own opinion and even if he is correct, yet he has committed a mistake."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Whoever offers a Salah in which he does not recite Umm Al-Qur'an, then it is aborted, it is aborted, not complete." He Said: "I said: 'O Abu Hurairah! Sometimes I am behind an Imam.' He said: 'O Ibn Al-Farisi! Then recite it to yourself. For indeed I heard the Apostle of Allah ﷺ saying: Allah, the Most High said: "I have divided the Salah between Myself and My slaves into two halves. Half of it is for Me, and half of it for My slave, and My slave shall have what he asks for. My slave stands and says: All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of All that exists." So, Allah, Blessed is He and Most High says: "My slave has expressed his gratitude to Me." He says: "The Merciful, the Beneficent. So, he says: "My slave has praised Me." He says: Owner of the Day of Reckoning. He says: "My slave has glorified Me. And this is for Me, and between Me and My slave is: It is You alone whom we worship and it is You alone from whom we seek aid" until the end of the Surah "This is for My slave and My slave shall have what he asks for." So, he says: Guide us to the straight path. The path of those upon whom You have bestowed your favor, not those with whom is Your wrath, now those who are astray."'


Narrated from Adiyy bin Hatim that the Prophet ﷺ said: "The Jews are those who Allah is wrath with, and the Christians have gone astray."

Chapter No: 2

Narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed Allah Most High created Adam from a handful that He took from all of the earth. So, the children of Adam come in according with the earth, some of them come red, and white and black, and between that, and the thin, the thick, the filthy, and the clean."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, regarding Allah's saying: Enter the gate in prostration (2:58) "They entered dragging their behinds" meaning they distorted it, and with this chain, from the Prophet (ﷺ): But those who did wrong changed the word from that which had been told to them for another (2:59) - "They said: Habbah (a seed) in Sha'irah (in barely)."


Abdullah bin Amir bin Rabi'ah narrated from his father who said: "We were on a journey on a very dark night with the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and we did not know where the Qiblah was. So, each man among us prayed in his own direction. In the morning when we mentioned that to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, then the following was revealed: "So wherever you turn, there is the Face of Allah. (2:115)"


Ibn Umar (RA) said: "The Apostle of Allah ﷺ used to offer voluntary Salah upon his mount in whichever direction it faced, while he was coming from Makkah to Al-Madinah." Then Ibn Umar recited: To Allah belong both the east and the west. (2:115)" And Ibn Umar said: "It was about this that the Ayah was revealed."


Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said: "O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! I wish that we could offer Salah behind the Maqam: So, the following was revealed: And take you the Maqam of Ibrahim as a place of Salah. (2:125)."


Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said: "I said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! I wish that you could offer Salah behind the Maqam of Ibrahim (AS).' So, the following was revealed: And take you the Maqam of Ibrahim as a place of Salah."


Narrated from Abu Sa'eed (RA) that about Allah's saying: Thus we have made you a Wasata nation (2:143) - the Prophet ﷺ said: "The meaning of Wasata is just."


Al-Bara bin 'Azib (RA) said: "When Allah’s Apostle ﷺ arrived in Al-Madinah, he offered Salah facing the direction of Bait Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months. The Apostle of Allah ﷺ longed to face toward the Ka'bah, so Allah, Might and Sublime is He revealed: “Verily, We see the turning of thy face (for guidance to the heavens: now Shall We turn thee to a Qibla that shall please thee. Turn then Thy face in the direction of the sacred Mosque” (2:144). So, he faced the direction of the Ka'bah and he longed for that. (One day) a man offered Salat Al-'Asr along with him." He said: "Then he passed by some people of the Ansar offering Salah Al-'Asr, while they were bowing toward Bait Al-Maqdis. He told them that he testifies that he offered Salah with the Allah’s Apostle ﷺ, and he had faced the direction of the Ka'bah." He said: "So they turned while they were bowing."


Ibn Umar (RA) said: "They were bowing during Salat Al-Fajr."


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "When the Prophet ﷺ started facing the Ka'bah they (companions) asked: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! How about our brothers who passed away while they were praying toward Bait Al-Maqdis?' So, Allah Most High revealed: Allah would not allow your faith to be wasted. (2:143)"


Urwah said: "I said to Aishah (RA): 'I see no wrong in one who does not make the round of Safa and Marwah and I do not mind, not making these rounds.' She said: 'How horrible is what you have said O my nephew! The Apostle of Allah ﷺ would make the rounds between them, and the Muslims would make the rounds between them. It was only that the people who assumed Ihram in the name of the false deity Manat, which was in Al-Mushallal, would not go between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. So, Allah Blessed and Most High revealed: “So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them.” (2: 158). And if it were as you say, then it would be: " There is no blame on him if he does not go round them." Az-Zuhri said: "I mentioned that to Abu Bakr bin 'Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham. He was surprised at that and he said: 'Indeed this is knowledge. I had heard some men among the people of knowledge saying that those Arabs who would not go between As-Safa and Al-Marwah said, that going between these two rocks is a matter from Jahiliyyah. And others among the Ansar said: "We have only been ordered with going around the House, we were not ordered to do so with As-Safa and Al-Marwah." So Allah Most High revealed: Indeed As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah...' (2.158) Abu Bakr bin 'Abdur-Rahman said: 'So I thought that it was revealed about these people, and those people.'"


Asim Al-Ahwal said: "I asked Anas bin Malik (RA) about As-Safa and Al-Marwah, and he said: 'They were among the symbols of Jahiliyyah.' He said: 'So during Islam, we stopped from them, then Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: “Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So, if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them.” (2:158) ' Anas (RA) continued; “And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth.” (2: 158) '"


Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) said: "When the Apostle of Allah ﷺ arrived in Makkah, he circumambulated the House seven times. He recited: “and take ye the station of Ibrahim (AS) as a place of prayer.” (2 : 125) So, he offered Salah behind the Maqam, then he came to the (Black) Stone, then he said: “We begin with what Allah had begun.” And he recited. “Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah” (2: 158)


Al-Bara bin 'Azib (RA) said: "If anyone among the Companions of Muhammad ﷺ was fasting and when the time of iftar approached but he had slept before eating, he would not eat that night, nor the following day until the evening. Qais bin Sirmah Al-Ansari fasted and came to his wife at the time of Iftar and asked. “Is there with you anything to eat?” She said, “No, but I will go and seek for you.” He had toiled all day, so sleep overtook him. His wife returned and when she saw him (sleeping). She said, “Your misfortune!” When it was noon next day, he fell unconscious. That was mentioned to the Prophet ﷺ, so this Ayah was revealed: “Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, is the approach to your wives.” (2 :187) This made them very happy. “And eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast Till the night appears” (2: 187)’”


Adi bin Hatim (RA) said: "When 'Until the white thread of dawn appears distinct to you from the black thread ' was revealed, the Prophet ﷺ said to me: 'That only refers to the whiteness of the day from the blackness of the night.'"


Adi bin Hatim (RA) said: "I asked Allah’s Apostle ﷺ about the fast, he said: 'Until the white thread of dawn appears distinct to you from the black thread'" - he said: "So I took two ropes, one white and the other black to look at them. So Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said to me" - it was something that Sufyan (a sub narrator) did not remember - so he said: "It is only the night and the day."


Aslam bin 'Imran At-Tujibi said: "We were in a Roman city, when a large column of Romans came out to us. So about the same number or more of the Muslims went towards them. The commander of the people of Egypt was Uqbah bin Amir, and the commenter of the (our) group was Fadalah bin 'Ubaid. One man among the Muslims reached the Roman line until he entered amidst them, so the people started screaming: 'Subhan Allah! He has thrown himself into destruction!' Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (RA) said: 'O you people! You give this interpretation for this Ayah, while this Ayah was only revealed about us, the people among the Ansar, when Allah made Islam might, and increased its supporters. Some of us secretly said to each other, outside of the presence of the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ): "Our wealth has been ruined, and Allah has strengthened Islam, and increased its supporters, so if we tend to our wealth then what we lost of it shall be revitalized for us." So Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed to His Prophet (ﷺ), rebuking what we said: 'And spend in the cause of Allah, and do not throw yourselves into destruction. (2:195)' So the destruction was tending to the wealth and maintaining it.' Abu Ayyub did not cease traveling in Allah's cause, until he was buried in the land of the Romans."


Aslam bin 'Imran At-Tujibi said: "We were in a Roman city, when a large column of Romans came out to us. So about the same number or more of the Muslims went towards them. The commander of the people of Egypt was 'Uqbah bin Amir, and the commenter of the (our) group was Fadalah bin 'Ubaid. One man among the Muslims reached the Roman line until he entered amidst them, so the people started screaming: 'Subhan Allah! He has thrown himself into destruction!' Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (RA) said: 'O you people! You give this interpretation for this Ayah, while this Ayah was only revealed about us, the people among the Ansar, when Allah made Islam might, and increased its supporters. Some of us secretly said to each other, outside of the presence of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ: "Our wealth has been ruined, and Allah has strengthened Islam, and increased its supporters, so if we tend to our wealth then what we lost of it shall be revitalized for us." So Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed to His Prophet ﷺ, rebuking what we said: 'And spend in the cause of Allah, and do not throw yourselves into destruction. (2:195)' So the destruction was tending to the wealth and maintaining it.' Abu Ayyub did not cease traveling in Allah's cause, until he was buried in the land of the Romans."


Ka'b bin Ujrah (RA) said: "By the one in Whose Hand is my soul! This Ayah was revealed regarding myself: “And if any of you is ill, or has an ailment in his scalp, (Necessitating shaving), (He should) in compensation either fast, or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice. (2:196).'" He said: "We were with the Apostle of Allah ﷺ at Al-Hudaibiyyah and we were in a state of Ihram. The idolaters had besieged us. My hair were long up to the ears. Lice had infested them and (were so many that they) fell on my face. The Prophet ﷺ passed by and said. “It seems the lice on your head are menacing you.” I said, “Yes” He said, “So shave your hair off”, and this verse was revealed. Mujahid said, “Fasting is three days while alms are to feed six needy people, offering is one goat - or more.”


Ka'b bin Ujrah (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ approached me while I was kindling a fire under a pot, and lice were falling on my face, or on my eye-brows. He said: 'Are your lice hurting you?'" [He said:] "I said: 'Yes.' He said: 'Then shave your head and offer a sacrifice, or fast three days, or feed six needy people.'" Ayyub said: "I do not know which thing he mentioned first. "


Narrated from Abdur-Rahman bin Ya'mar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The Hajj is Arafat, the Hajj is Arafat, the Hajj is Arafat. The days of Mina are three: But whoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him, and whoever stays on, there is no sin on him (2:203). And whoever sees (attends) the Arafah before the rising of Fajr, then he has performed the Hajj." Ibn Abi Umar said: "Sufyan bin 'Uyainah said: 'This is the best Hadith that Ath-Thawri reported.'"


Narrated from Aishah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "The most hated of men in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome."


Anas (RA) said: "When any Jewish women had her menses, they would neither eat with them, nor drink with them, nor acompany them in their homes. The Prophet ﷺ was asked about that, so Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: "They ask you concerning menstruation. Say It is a Adha (harmful matter) (2:222).' So, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ told them to eat with them, drink with them and to remain in the house with them, and to do everything besides having intercourse with them. The Jews said: 'He does not intend to leave any matter of ours without opposing us in it.'" He said: "Then 'Abbad bin Bishr and Usaid bin Hudair (RA) came to the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) to inform him about that. They said: 'O Apostle of Allah! Should we not (then) have intercourse with them during their menstruation?' The face of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ changed color, until they thought that he was angry with them. So, they left, and afterwards the Prophet ﷺ was given some milk as a gift, so he sent some of it to them to drink. Then they knew that he was not angry with them."


Jabir (RA) said: "The Jews used to say: "Whoever goes into his wife's vagina from behind her, then their child will be sequent eyed. So, this verse was revealed: Your wives are a tilth for your, so go to your tilth when or how you will (2:223)."


Umm Salamah (RA) Narrated from the Prophet (SA), regarding: Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth when or how you will (2:223). He ﷺ said: "Meaning sexual intercourse at only one passage (i.e. vagina)."


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "Umar (RA) came to Allah’s Apostle ﷺ and said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ ! I have perished!' He said: 'What made you perish?' He said: 'I turned my mount during the night (meaning that he went into his wife from behind).'" He did not answer till this verse was revealed: “Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so, approach your tilth when or how ye will.” (2:223) Nevertheless, a husband must refrain from having sex at the anus and during menstruation.”


Narrated from Ma'qil bin Yasar (RA) that during the time of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ he married his sister to a man among the Muslims. She remained with him as long as she did, then he divorced her once without taking her back until her Iddah elapsed, but they desired each other again. He (Ma'qil) said to him: 'You ingrate! I honored you by marrying her to you, then you divorced her. By Allah! She will never be returned to you again.' Allah knew of his heed for her and her need for a husband, so Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: “When ye divorce women, and they fulfil the term of their ('Iddat), do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands, if they mutually agree on equitable terms. This instruction is for all amongst you, who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is (the course Making for) most virtue and purity amongst you and Allah knows, and ye know not.” (2 : 232) On hearing this, Ma’qil (RA) remarked, “I hear and I obey.” He called the man and said, “I marry her to you and honour you.'"


Abu Yunus, the freed slave of Aishah (RA) said: "Aishah (RA) commanded me to write down a (Quranic) Mushaf for her, and she said: 'Let me know when you reach this Ayah: Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the Middle Prayer. (2:238).’ So, when I reached it, I informed her and she dictated to me: “Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the middle Salah, and Salat Al-'Asr. And stand before Allah with obedience.” She said: “I heard that from the Apostle of Allah ﷺ.”


Samurah bin Jundab (RA) said: "Allah’s Prophet ﷺ said: ‘Salat Al-'Asr is the middle Salah.'"


Narrated from Ali (RA) that on the Day of Al-Ahzab the Prophet ﷺ said: "O Allah! Fill their graves and their homes with fire just as they kept us occupied from offering the midmost prayer till sunset."


Narrated from Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Salat Al-Wusta is Salat Al-'Asr."


Zaid bin Arqam (RA) said: "During the time of Allah’s Apostle ﷺ, we used to talk during Salah, then 'And stand before Allah with obedience' (2:238) was revealed, So, we were then commanded to observe silence (in salah)."


Al-Bara (RA) said: “The verse; ‘And do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it (2:267)’ was revealed concerning us, the people of the Ansar who were owners of date-palms. A man would bring the amount of dates according to his ability - much or little. He would bring a bunch or two bunches and hang them in the Masjid. The people of As-Suffah did not have food, so one of them would go up to the cluster and hit it with his stick, and unripe and ripe dates would fall, and he would eat. Some people did not hope for good, so a man would bring a cluster with pitless and hard dates, and a cluster with damaged dates, and hang it. So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you, and do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it (2:267). They said: 'If one of you were presented like what he gives, he would not take it unless he covers up the shortcoming or shows undue modesty.' So, after that, each of us would bring the best that we had."


Narrated from Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed the Shaitan has an influence on the son of Adam, and the angel also has an influence. As for the Shaitan , it is an assurance of the evil and rejection of the truth. As for the effect of the angel, it is an assurance of what is good and a confirmation of the truth. Whoever finds that, let him know that it is from Allah, and let him praise Allah for it. Whoever finds the other then let him seek refuge with Allah from the Shaitan (the outcast) then recite: Shaitan threatens you of poverty, and enjoins you unto indecency (2:268)."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "O you people! Indeed, Allah is Tayyab and he does not accept but what is Tayyab. And indeed Allah has commanded the believers with what He commanded the Messengers. He said: 'O you Messengers! Eat of the good things and do righteous deeds. Verily I am well acquainted with what you do (23:51).' And He said: 'O you who believe! Eat from the good things We have provided you (2:172).' "He (narrator) said: "And he ﷺ (went on and) mentioned a man: 'Who is undertaking a long journey, whose hair is disheveled, and he is covered with dust. He raises his hands to the heavens and says: "O Lord! O Lord!" Yet his food is from the unlawful, his drink is from the unlawful, his clothing is from the unlawful, and he was nourished by the unlawful. So how can that be accepted?'"


As-Suddi said: "Someone who heard from Ali (RA), narrated about him saying: 'When this Ayah was revealed: "And whether you disclose it whatsoever is in your minds or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He will and chastise whom He will." (2 : 184).' we were very distressed about it.' He said: 'We said: "One of us thinks of something (bad) and he is taken to account for it. We do not know what of it is forgiven and what is not forgiven. So, this verse was revealed thereafter, abrogating the previous: 'Allah does not charge a soul save to its capacity. For it is that which it has earned, and against it is that which it has deserved.'(2 :286).


Umayyah asked Aishah (RA) regarding the saying of Allah, blessed and Most High: And whether you disclose what is in yourselves or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it (2:284). And about His saying: And whoever does evil, he will be recompensed for it (4:123). She said: "No one has asked me about it since I asked the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, he said: 'This is Allah's admonition for His slave regarding whatever he is stricken with, of fever and problems, even the item that he has in the pocket of his shirt which he loses and worries about, until the slave comes out of his sins, just as the red ore comes out of the bellows.'"


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "When this Ayah was revealed: 'And whether you disclose what is in yourselves or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it (2:284).' Somethings entered their hearts that had not entered before. So, they mentioned that to the Prophet ﷺ, and he said: 'Say: "We hear, and we obey." So, Allah put faith into their hearts and Allah Blessed and Most High revealed the Ayah: The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers (and) Allah does not burden a soul beyond what it can bear, for it is what it has earned and against it is what it has wrought. "Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error (2:286)." He said: 'I have done so (as requested).' Our Lord! Lay not upon us a burden like that which You did upon those before us. He said: ['I have done so (as requested).'] Our Lord! Put not a burden upon us greater than we have strength for. Pardon us and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us (2:286). He said: 'I have done so (as requested).'"

Chapter No: 3

Aishah (RA) said: "I asked Allah’s Apostle ﷺ concerning the statement of Allah: So, as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation, they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah and seeking its Ta'wil (3:7). He said: 'When you see them, be aware of them.'" Yazid (one of the narrators in the chain) said: "When you see them, be aware of them' - she said it two or three times."


Aishah (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ was asked about this Ayah: "He is (Allah) who has revealed to you the Book, some of its verses are perspicuous - they are the substance of the Book - and others are allegorical." (3: 7, to the end) So, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'When you see those who seek what is not entirely clear thereof, then it is they whom Allah has described, so beware of them.'"


Narrated from Abdullah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed for every Prophet there is a friend (Wali) among the Prophets. My friend is my father Ibrahim (AS) the Khalil of my Lord." Then he recited: "Surely the people of closest claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and the Prophet, and those who believe; and Allah is the Protector the believers.” (3: 68)


Narrated from Abdullah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Whoever takes a false oath so that he may deprive a Muslim of his property, he will meet Allah while He is angry at him." So, Al-Ash'ath bin Qais (RA) said: "By Allah! This (Hadeeth) was about me. There was a dispute between myself and a Jewish man who denied my right, and I complained against him to the Prophet ﷺ. So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said to me: 'Do you have any proof?' I said: 'No.' So, he said to the Jew: 'Take an oath.' I said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! If he takes an oath, then I will lose my property.' So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: Verily those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's covenant and their oaths... until the end of the Ayah. (3:77)"


Anas (RA) said: "When this Ayah was revealed: ‘You cannot attain virtue unless you expend of that which you love.’ (3:92) or, this verse: "Who is he that will loan to Allah a goodly loan." (2 :245) Abu Talhah - who had a garden - said: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ My garden is for Allah, and if I was able to keep it secret I would not make it public.' So, he said: 'Give it to your relatives' or 'your close relatives.'"


Ibn Umar (RA) said: "A man stood up before the Prophet ﷺ and said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! Who is the Hajj pilgrim (the best of those who perform Hajj), ' He said: 'The one with dishevelled hair who smells bad.' So, another man stood and asked: 'Which Hajj is most virtuous, O Apostle of Allah ﷺ?' He said: 'The one with loud voices and blood (of the sacrifice).' Another man stood and asked: 'What is 'the means', O Apostle of Allah?' He said: 'Provisions and a mount.'"


Amir bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas narrated from his father who said: "When this Ayah was revealed: 'Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women... (3:61)' the Apostle of Allah ﷺ called Ali (RA), Fatimah (RA), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) (may Allah be pleased with all of them) and said: 'O Allah! This is my family.'"


Abu Ghalib said: "Abu Umamah (RA) saw some heads (of the Khawarij) hanging on the stairs of the Masjid in Damascus. He said: 'The dogs of the Fire and the worst of the slain under the canopy of the heavens. The best of the slain were those whom these have killed.' He then recited: On the Day when some faces will become white, and some faces will become black... (3:106) until the end of the Ayah. I said to Abu Umamah: 'Did you hear it from the Apostle of Allah ﷺ?' He said: ‘Had I not heard it once, twice, thrice, four times nay, seven times I would not have mentioned it to you.” (He meant that he had heard it often). '"


Bahz bin Hakim Narrated from his father, from his grandfather that he heard the Prophet ﷺ say about the Words of Allah: "You are the best community raised up for mankind." (3:110) He said, “You are the ones to perfect seventy ummahs and you are the best of them and the most noble of them.”


Narrated from Anas (RA) that on the Day of Uhud, the incisors of the Prophet ﷺ were broken, and he was wounded in the head and the forehead so that blood flowed down his face. He said, “How can a people prosper if they do this to their Prophet while he invites them to Allah.” So, the verse was revealed: "Not for you is the decision whether He relents towards them or chastises them, for, they are evildoers." (3:128) until its end.”


Narrated from Anas (RA) that the face of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ was wounded, his incisors were broken, and he was struck by an arrow on his shoulder. Blood trickled down his face. He wiped it and said the while, “How shall such people prosper who do this to their Prophet ﷺ who invites them towards Allah.” So Allah revealed the verse (3 : 128). "Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision: Whether He turn in mercy to them or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers." (3: 128)


Salim bin Abdullah bin 'Umar (RA) narrated from his father who said: "On the Day of Uhud, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'O Allah! Curse Abu Sufyan! O Allah! Curse Al-Harith bin Hisham! O Allah! Curse Safwan bin Umayyah!'"He said: "So the following was revealed: 'Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision: Whether He turn in mercy to them or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers.'(3:128) Then Allah forgave them. They embraced Islam and turned out to be good Muslims.”


Narrated from Abdullah bin Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ was supplicating against four people, so Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: "Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision: Whether He turn in mercy to them, or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers." (3:128). So, Allah guided them to Islam."


Asma bin Al-Hakam Al-Farazi said: "I heard Ali (RA) saying: 'Indeed I am a man who, when I hear a Hadith from the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, then Allah causes me to benefit from it as much as He wills for me to benefit from it. When a man among his Companions narrates to me, I ask him to swear an oath to me, about it, and when he swears an oath to me, I trust him. And Abu Bakr (RA) narrated to me - and Abu Bakr (RA) told the truth - he said: "I heard Allah’s Apostle ﷺ saying: 'There is no man who commits a sin, then stands for purification, then offers Salah, then seeks forgiveness from Allah, except that Allah forgives him.' Then he recited this Ayah: Those who, when they have committed Fahishah or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah... (3:135) until the end of the Ayah."


Abu Talhah (RA) said: "I raised my head to look around on the Day of Uhud, and observed that there was not one of them that day except that he was swaying under his shield due to drowsiness. Allah said about that: Then He sent upon you, after grief a security - a slumber (3:154).


Abu Talhah (RA) said: "We were overcome, and we were in our positions on the Day of Uhud," and he narrated that he was among those who were overcome with slumber on that day. He said: "My sword would slip off my hand and I would pick it up and it would slip from my hand, and I would pick it up (again). The other party was of the hypocrites. They had no concern except for their own lives.”


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "This Ayah: And it behooves not a Prophet to illegally take a part of the booty... (3:161) was revealed concerning a red robe that was missing from the Day of Badr. Some of the people said: 'Perhaps Allah’s Apostle ﷺ took it.' So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: It behooves not a Prophet to illegally take a part of the booty... until the end of the Ayah."


Musa bin Ibrahim bin Kathir Al-Ansari said: "I heard Talhah bin Khirash say: 'I heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah (RA) saying: "The Apostle of Allah ﷺ met me and said to me: 'O Jabir! Why do I see you upset?' I said: 'O Apostle of Allah! My father was martyred (on the Day of Uhud) leaving my family and debt behind.'" "He ﷺ said: 'Shall I give you news of what your father met Allah with?'" He said: "But of course O Apostle of Allah!" He said: 'Allah does not speak to anyone except from behind a veil, but He brought your father to speak to Him directly. He said: "[O My slave!] Do you wish that I give you anything?" He said: 'O Lord! Give me life so that I may fight for You a second time.' So, the Lord [Blessed and Most High] said: 'It has been decreed by Me that they shall not return (21:95).' He said: "So this Ayah was revealed: Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah (3:169)."


Masruq narrated from Abdullah (RA) that he was asked about Allah's saying: “Think not of those who were slain in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive.” (3:169). So, he said: " Indeed we had asked about that and were informed that their souls are in green birds that go wherever they like in Paradise and return to the lamps suspended from the Throne. Your Lord looks at them out of familiarity and asks, ‘Do you desire anything more that I may give more?’ They say, ‘Our Lords what more may we seek while we are in Paradise moving about wherever we will?’ He then looks at them a second time, saying, ‘Do you desire Me to add something for you that I should give more?’ When they see that they will not be spared (till they ask), they desire, ‘Return our souls to our bodies that we may go back to earth and be slain in Your path once more.’"


Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) narrated from the Prophet ﷺ that he said: 'There is no person who does not pay the Zakat due on his wealth but on the Day of Resurrection Allah will make a Shuja'a around his neck.' Then he recited the Ayah for us from the Book of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, testifying to that: "And as for those who are niggardly in expending that, which Allah has granted them out of His bounty, let them not think that it is good for them." (3:180) And another time he said: 'Testifying to that, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ recited: On the Day of Resurrection, the things that they were stingy with... (3:180)' and whoever deprives his Muslim brother of his wealth by swearing, then he shall meet Allah while He is angry with him.' Then testifying to that, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ recited the Ayah from Allah's Book: Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's covenant (3:77)."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed the space for a whip in Paradise, is better than the world and what it contains. Recite if you wish: ‘Whoever is removed from the fire and admitted to the Garden, he indeed shall attain the triumph. And the life of this world is naught but comfort of illusion. (3:185) '"


Humayd ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Awf reported that Marwan bin Al-Hakam said to his gate-keeper: "O Rafi'! go to Ibn Abbas (RA) and ask him: 'If everyone who rejoices with what he has done, and loves to be praised for what he has not done, will be punished, then all of us will all be punished.' So, Ibn Abbas said: 'This Ayah has got nothing to do with you. This was only revealed about the People of the Book.' Then Ibn Abbas recited: “(All recall) when Allah took covenant with those who were given the Book 0 (saying), “You shall certainly expound it to mankind. (3:187) and he recited: Think not that those who rejoice over what they have carried out, and love to be praised for what they have not done. (3:188) Ibn Abbas said: 'The Prophet ﷺ asked them about something, and they concealed it, and told him about something else. So, they left wanting him to think that they informed him about what he asked them, and wanting to be praised for that by him, and they were rejoicing over what they had concealed, and the fact that they were asked about it."

Chapter No: 4

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) said: "I had fallen ill, so Allah’s Apostle ﷺ came to visit me, and I was unconscious. When I awoke, I said: 'How do you order me regarding my wealth?' He did not answer me until Allah revealed: "Allah enjoins you concerning your children, for the male is the share equivalent of that of two females." (4: 11)


Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (RA) said: " In the Battle of Awtas, we got possession of women who had their husbands among the idolaters. So, some of the men disliked that, so Allah, Most High, revealed: "And (also forbidden) are all marled women except those whom your right hands posses." (4:24) "


Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (RA) said: "In the Battle of Awtas female captives came to our hand. They had their husbands among their people. That was mentioned to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ so Allah revealed: '... "And (also forbidden) are all marled women except those whom your right hands posses. (4:24) '"


Narrated from Anas bin Malik (RA) that concerning the major sins the Prophet ﷺ said: "Associating partners to Allah, disobeying the parents, taking the life, and false testimony."


Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakrah: from his father that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Shall I not tell you about the worst of the major sins?" They said: "Of course O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ" He said: "To associate partners with Allah and disobeying the parents." He (narrator) said: " He had been reclining, but sat up straight and added, “And a false testimony” or, he said, “A false word.” '" He said: "So the Apostle of Allah ﷺ would not stop saying it until we said (to ourselves): 'If he would only stop.'"


Abdullah bin Unais Al-Juhni (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'Indeed among the worst of the major sins is Associating partners with Allah, disobeying the parents, the false oath, And, if anyone swears an oath on Allah a firm oath introducing therein so much lie as a gnat’s wing then a spot is put in his heart till the Day of Resurrection.” and none insists on taking an oath in which he swears, including the like of a wing of a mosquito (of falsehood) in it - except that a spot is placed in his heart until the Day of Judgement.'"


Narrated from Abdullah bin Amr (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "The major sins are associating partners with Allah, disobeying the parents" or he said, "the false oath". Shu'bah (a narrator in the chain) was in doubt.


Umm Salamah (RA) said: "The men fight, and the women do not fight, and we only get half the inheritance.' So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: ‘And covet not that whereby Allah has excelled some of you above the others. (4:32)'” Mujahid said: "And the following was revealed about that: 'Verily the Muslim men and the Muslim women... (33:35). And Umm Salamah was the first camel-borne woman to arrive in Al-Madinah as an emigrant.


Umm Salamah (RA) said: "O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ I do not hear Allah mentioning women in anything about emigration." So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: "Never will I waste the work of any worker among you, be he male or female, the one of you being from the other."


Abdullah (RA) said: “Allah’s Apostle ﷺ ordered me that I should recite to him while he was on the pulpit. So, I recited from Surat An-Nisa for him, until I reached: “How then shall it be, when we bring from each people a witness, and we bring you as a witness against these”? (4 :41) Allah’s Apostle ﷺ indicated to me with his hand to stop, and I looked at him and his eyes were flowing with tears."


Abdullah (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said to me: 'Recite for me.' I said: 'O Apostle of Allah! Shall I recite for you while it was revealed upon you?' He said: 'I love to hear it from others.'" So, I recited Surat An-Nisa until I reached: "...And We bring you (Muhammad) as a witness against these people? (4:41)" He said: "So I saw the eyes of the Prophet ﷺ overflowing with tears."


Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) said: "'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf (RA) prepared a meal for us, and invited us to it, and he also served us wine. The wine intoxicated us. The time for Salah approached. So, they forwarded me (to lead) and I recited: 'Say: O you disbelievers! I do not worship what you worship, and we worship what you worship' - so Allah, Most High, revealed: O you who believe! Draw not near Salah when you are in a drunken state until you know what you are saying (4:43)."


Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (RA) narrated to Urwah bin Az-Zubair that a man from the Ansar disputed with Az-Zubair (RA) about a stream at Al-Harrah with which they irrigated their date-palms. So, the Ansari man said: 'Let the water pass through.' But he refused, so they brought their dispute to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ. So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said to Az-Zubair: 'O Zubair! Water and let the water flow to your neighbor.' The Ansari got angry and said: 'O Apostle of Allah! Is it because he is your aunt’s son?' The face of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ changed. Then he said: 'O Zubair! Water and withhold the water until it flows over your walls.' So, Az-Zubair said: 'By Allah, I think this Ayah was revealed about that incident: But no, by your Lord! They can have no faith until they make you judge in all disputes between them... (4:65)"


Abdullah bin Yazid narrated from Zaid bin Thabit (RA) that he heard about this Ayah: What is the matter with you (0 Believers), that there are two parties (among you) concerning the hypocrites?" (4 :88) He said: "People among the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ returned on the Day of Uhud and there were two parties among them, a group who said: 'Kill them,' and a group that say not to. So, Allah revealed this Ayah: What is the matter with you (0 Believers), that there are two parties (among you) concerning the hypocrites?" (4: 88) So, he said: "Indeed it is Taibah (Al-Madinah). And he said: 'It expels filth from it just like the fire expels filth from iron.'"


Amr bin Dinar narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that the Prophet ﷺsaid: "On the Day of Resurrection, the murdered would drag the murderer by his forelocks and head, blood flowing from the neck of the murderer. The slain person would say, “O Lord! He had killed me”, and he will take him up to the throne." So, they mentioned repentance to Ibn Abbas, and he recited this Ayah: And whoever kills a believer intentionally then his recompense is Hell (4:93). He said: "This Ayah was not abrogated nor (its ruling) replaced. How then may his repentance be accepted?”


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "A man from Banu Sulaim passed by some of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and he had some sheep with him. He offered Salam to them, and they said: 'He did not offer Salam except to protect himself.' So, they attacked him, killed him, and took his sheep. They returned to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ with them, and Allah, Most High, revealed: ‘O those who believe, when you go out in the way of Allah, be careful, and do not say, to the one who offers you the salaam, you are not a believer. (4 : 94).’"


Al-Bara bin Azib (RA) said: "When the following was revealed: 'Not equal are those of the believers who sit (4:95)’ Amr bin Umm Maktum (RA) came to the Prophet ﷺ." He said: "He was blind, so he said: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ what do you command me (to do)? I am blind.” So, Allah revealed the words: "Unless they are handicapped." (4: 95)' So the Prophet ﷺ said: 'Bring me a shoulder bone and inkwell' - or 'Bring me a tablet and an inkwell.'"


Narrated Miqsam, the freed slave of Abdullah bin Al-Harith from Ibn Abbas (RA) that he said the Ayah: Not equal are those of the believers who sit, except those who are disabled... (4:95) is about Badr and those went out for Badr. At the time of the battle of Badr, 'Abdullah bin Jahsh (RA) and Ibn Umm Maktum (RA) said: 'We are blind O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ So, is there an exemption for us?' So, the following was revealed: Not equal are those of the believers who sit except those who are disabled. But Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward (4:95). So these were the people who sat behind, that were not disabled: But Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward - they are of levels above those who sit among the believers who did not have an excuse."


Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (RA) said: "I saw Marwan bin Al-Hakam sitting in the Masjid, so I approached him until I sat next to him. He informed us that Zaid bin Thabit (RA) informed him, that the Prophet ﷺ dictated: 'Not equal among the believers are those who sit and the Mujahidin in the cause of Allah.' He said: 'So Ibn Umm Maktum (RA) came and he was dictating to me that he said: "O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ By Allah! If I were capable of Jihad then I would participate in Jihad.' And he was a blind a man. So, Allah revealed to His Messenger ﷺ - while his thigh was against my thigh - and it became so heavy that I was worried it was about to fracture my thigh. Then he was relieved of it, so Allah had revealed to him: Except those who are disabled."


Ya'la bin Umayyah said: "I said to Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA): 'Allah said: That you shorten the Salah if you fear (4:101) and the people are safe.' So Umar said: 'I wondered about that just as you have wondered. So, I mentioned that to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, and he said: "It is charity which Allah has given to you, so accept His charity."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ encamped between Dajnan and 'Usfan, and the idolaters aid: "These people have a prayer which is more loved to them than their fathers and their children." That is, 'Asr. They gathered their forces and advanced altogether. And Jibra'il (AS) came to the Prophet ﷺ and told him to divide his Companions into two lines and lead them in prayer, and another group stood behind them on guard with their weapons. Then the other group came and prayed one Rak'ah with him. Then these people stood guard with their weapons, so each of them offered one Rak'ah while the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) offered two Rak'ahs.


Qatadah bin An-Nu'man said: "There was a household among us (Ansar) named Banu Ubairiq, among whom was a Bishr, a Bushair, and a Mubashshir. Bushair was a hypocrite who used to recite poetry whereby he defamed the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ then he would attribute it to some of the Arabs. Then he would say: 'So-and-so said this and that [So-and-so said this and that].' So, when the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ would hear that poetry, they would say: 'By Allah! that poet had not read this poetry. It is only this very evil man who has spoken it” - or as the narrator thought that they said “Ibn Uubayriq has spoken it.'" He said: "They were a poor and needy household during Jahiliyyah and Islam. The staple food of the people in Madinah was dates and barley. If a man had some means and a Syrian peddler made the rounds, he would buy from him fine flour exclusively for himself while the family’s meal continued to be dates and barley. So, an import arrived from Ash-Sham, and my uncle Rifa'ah bin Zaid bought a load of it, which he placed in a storage area he had, where he kept his weapons - his shield and his sword. But it was taken from him from under the house. The storage was broken into and the food and weapons were taken. In the morning, my uncle Rifa'ah came to me and said: 'O my nephew! We were robbed during the night, our storage was broken into, and our food and weapons are gone.'" He said: "They overheard us in the house, and questioned us, and someone said to us, 'We saw Banu Ubairiq cooking during the night, and it looked like they had some of your food.'" He said: "Banu Ubairiq were saying - while we were questioning them amidst their dwellings - 'By Allah! We do not think the one you are looking for is other than Labid bin Sahl, a man among us who is righteous and accepted Islam.' When Labid heard that, he brandished his sword and said: 'I stole? By Allah! You either prove this theft, or I take to you with this sword.' They said: 'Leave us O man! You are not the one who has it.' So, we continued questioning in the dwellings until we had no doubt that they had taken it. So, my uncle said to me: 'O my nephew! You should go to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and tell him about that.'" Qatadah said: "So I went to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and said: 'A family among us are ill-mannered, and they conspired against my uncle Rifa'ah bin aid. They had broken into his storage and took his weapons and his food. We want them to return our weapons, but we have no need for the food.' So, the Prophet ﷺ said: 'I will decide about that.' So, when Banu Ubairiq heard about that, they brought a man from among them named Usair bin 'Urwah to talk to him about that, and some people form their houses gathered and said: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ Qatadah bin An-Nu'man and his uncle have accused our people of theft without argument or evidence though they are pious and Muslims.'" Qatadah said: "I went to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and spoke to him, and he said: 'Have you accused a Muslim and pious people of theft without proof or evidence?’” He said: “I wished that I had lost something and not spoken to the Prophet ﷺ about it. My uncle Rifa'ah came to me and said: 'O my nephew! What did you do?' So, I told him what the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said to me, so he said: 'It is from Allah, Whom we seek help.' It was not long before the Qur'an was revealed: "Surely, we have revealed the Book to you with truth, so that you may judge between people by means of what Allah has shown you. So be not an advocate of the traitors." (4:105) (That is) Banu Ubairiq: “And seek forgiveness of Allah” (that is) about what you said to Qatadah: "Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful." "And contend not on behalf of those who betray themselves. Surely Allah loves not one who is treacherous, sinful. They seek to conceal (their evil deeds) from people, but they cannot conceal from Allah, for He is with the…(till Allah’s words) "He shall find Allah Forgiving, Merciful. (That is) If they seek Allah’s forgiveness, He will forgive them. And whosoever earns a sin, earns it against his own soul only.” (Till Allah's words, "And whoever earns fault or a sin and then casts it upon the innocent, he indeed has burdened himself with calumny and manifest sin." (That is) their accusation of Labid. "And were it not for the bounty of Allah upon you (0 Prophet) and His mercy." (Till Allah’s words) Allah’s bounty upon you is ever great. (4: 105 - 144) So when the Qur'an was revealed, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ brought the weapon and returned it to Rifa'ah. Qatadah said: "When the weapon was brought to my uncle - and he was an elderly man with bad sight" or "an elderly weak man" - Abu 'Eisa was in doubt - "in Jahiliyyah, and I thought that he merely had entered into Islam (without real sincerity) but when I brought it to him, he said: 'O my nephew! It is for Allah's cause.' So, I knew that his Islam was genuine. When the Qur'an was revealed, Bushair went with the idolaters, staying with Sulafah bint Sa'd bin Sumayyah. So Allah, Most High, revealed: And whosoever opposes the Messenger ﷺ after the guidance has become clear to him, and follows a way other then that of the believers, we shall turn him to that to which he has turned, and we shall cast him in Hell; and it is an evil destination. Surely Allah shall not forgive that anything be associated with Him, and He shall forgive all besides that to whom He will. And whosoever associates anything with Allah, he indeed has gone far astray. (4 : 115 - 116). " When he lodged with Sulafah, Hassan composed satirical poetry in answer to him. So, Sulafah carried his luggage on her head and cast them out on an open land, saying. “Have you brought Hassan’s poetry as a gift to me? I can never hope for good from you.'"


Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) said: "There is no Ayah in the Qur'an more beloved to me than this Ayah: Surely Allah shall not forgive associating others with Him, but He forgives all besides that for whomever He wills (4:116)."


Abu Hurairah (RA) said: "When the following was revealed: ' He who does evil shall be recompensed for it.... (4:123)' That worried the Muslims, so they complained about that to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ and he said: "Seek closeness and be steadfast, and in all that afflicts the believer


Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (RA) said: "I was with the Prophet ﷺ when this Ayah was revealed to him: He who does evil shall be recompensed for it, and shall not find besides Allah, a protector or a helper." (4: 123). So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'O Abu Bakr! Shall I recite to you an Ayah revealed to me?' I said: 'Of course O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ' So, he recited it to me, and I do not know except that I found it as a fatal blow, but I repressed it. So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'What is bothering you O Abu Bakr?' I said: 'O Apostle of Allah! May my father and my mother be your ransom! Which of us has not done evil - and yet we shall be recompensed for what we have done?' So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: “O Abu Bakr, as for you and the believers, you will be recompensed for it in the world itself so that when you meet your Lord, you do not have a sin against you. And as for the others, their evil will be gathered for them so that they get their recompense on the Day of Resurrection.'"


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "Sawdah (RA) feared that the Prophet ﷺ might divorce her, so she said: 'Do not divorce me, but retain me and give my day to 'Aishah (RA).' So, he ﷺ did so, and the following was revealed: There is no blame on the couple if they effect between them a reconciliation; and reconciliation is better (than discord) (4:128). So, whatever they agree to make peace in something then it is permissible."


Al-Bara (RA) said: "The last Ayah revealed" or, "The last thing revealed was: They ask you for a pronouncement. Say Allah pronounces to you concerning (the inheritance of) a Kalalah (who has no parents and no child) (4:176).'"


Al-Bara (RA) said: "A man approached Allah’s Apostle ﷺ and said: 'O Apostle of Allah! (Explain me the verse) They ask you about a legal verdict. Say: "Allah directs (thus) regarding Al-Kalalah (4:176)." So, the Prophet ﷺ said to him: "You should be sufficed with the Ayah of summer." (Meaning this Ayah, while in An-Nisa number 12, is mention of the topic, and it was revealed in the winter, this Ayah, revealed in the summer - the last revealed about it - explains it)

Chapter No: 5

Tariq bin Shihab said: "A man among the Jews said to Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA): 'O Commander of the Believers! If we were the ones unto whom this Ayah was revealed, 'This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion (5:3).' - then we would have taken that day as a day Eid (festival).' So Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said to him: “Indeed, I know the day on which it was revealed, It was revealed on the day of Arafah, a Friday. (It is to say that it was revealed on Eid (festival) to say of adopting it as one).'"


Ammar bin Abi 'Ammar said: "Ibn Abbas (RA) recited: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion (5:3). And a Jew was with him who said: 'If this Ayah was revealed to us then we would have taken that day of Eid (festival).' So Ibn Abbas said: 'Indeed it was revealed on two 'Eids: On Friday, and on the Day of 'Arafah.'"


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'Ar-Rahman's right Hand is full (of treasures) showering bounties day and night. There never is any loss at any time. Do you realize how much He has spent since He has created the heavens? It has not diminished what is in His Right Hand in the least. His Throne is on water. In His other Hand are the scales that He lowers and raises.” full, He spends without any decrease, night and day.' He said: 'Do you not see how much He has spent since He created the heavens and the earth, yet it has not decreased what is in His Hand, and His Throne is over the water, and in His Other Hand is the Mizan (Scale) which He raises and lowers.'"


Narrated from Aishah (RA): "The Prophet ﷺ was being used to be guarded and protected until this Ayah was revealed: 'Allah will protect you from mankind.' So, the Apostle of Allah ﷺ took his head out from the room and said: 'O you people! Go away, for Allah shall protect me.'"


Narrated from Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'When the Children of Isra'il plunged into disobedience, their scholars prohibited them from it. But they did not stop, so they sat with them in their gatherings, and ate and drank with them. So, Allah turned their hearts against each other, and cursed them through the tongue of Dawud (AS) and Eisa bin Mariam (AS). That was because they disobeyed and were ever transgressing.'" He said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ sat up after he had been reclining, and he said: 'No, by the One in Whose Hand is my soul! Not until you incline them to the truth.'" 'Abdullah bin 'Abdur-Rahman said: "Yazid said: 'Sufyan Ath-Thawri would not say in it: "From 'Abdullah."


Abu Ubaidah (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'When the Children of Isra'il fell into decline, a man among them would see his brother committing a sin, and prohibit them from it. The next day, what he saw him doing would not prevent him from eating with him, drinking with him, and associating with him. So, Allah pitted their hearts against each other, and He revealed about them in the Qur'an, He said: Cursed were those who disblieved from among the children of Israil by the tongue of Dawud (AS) and of Eesa, son of Maryam (AS). That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the limits.' And he recited until he reached: ‘And had they believed in Allah and the Prophet ﷺ and that which is revealed to him, they would not have taken the disbelievers as friends; but many of them are transgressors.’ (5: 78-81)).' He said: "And Allah's Prophet ﷺ was reclining, so he sat up and said: 'No! Not until you take the hand of the wrong-doer and incline him toward the truth.'"


Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said: "O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!" So (the Ayah) in Al-Baqarah was revealed: They ask you concerning Khamr and gambling. Say: "In them is a great sin (2:219)." So 'Umar was called, and it was recited to him, so he said: "O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!" So (the Ayah) in An-Nisa was revealed: 'O you who believe! Approach not As-Salah while you are in a drunken state (4:43).' So 'Umar was called and it was recited him, so he said "O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!" So (the Ayah) in Al-Ma'idah was revealed: Satan only desires to precipitate enmity and hatred between you by means of wine and gambling, and would bar you from the remembrance of Allah, and from the salah, Will you then desist! " (5: 91) Umar (RA) was called and it was recited to him. He said, “We desist. We desist!"


Al-Bara (RA) said: "A man among the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ died before Khamr had been made unlawful. So, when Khamr was made unlawful, some men said: 'How about our companions who died while drinking Khamr?' So (the following) was revealed: ‘On those who believe and do righteous deeds there is no blame for what they may have eaten (in the past) provided they abstain (from the forbidden), and believe (firmly), and do righteous deeds.’ (5: 93)."


Al-Bara bin Azib (RA) said: "Some people among the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ died while they had been drinking Khamr. So, when it was revealed that it was unlawful, some people among the Companions of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'How about our companions who died while they were drinking it?' So (the following) Ayah was revealed: "On those who believe and do righteous deeds there is no blame for what they may have eaten (in the past) provided they abstain (from the forbidden), and believe (firmly), and do righteous deeds." (5:93)


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "They (the Companions) asked: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ how about those who died while they were drinking Khamr - considering that the prohibition of intoxicants is now revealed?' So, (the following) Ayah was revealed: "On those who believe and do righteous deeds there is no blame for what they may have eaten (in the past) provided they abstain (from the forbidden), and believe (firmly), and do righteous deeds.(5 : 93) ."


Abdullah (RA) said: "When (the following) was revealed: ‘On those who believe and do righteous deeds there is no blame for what they may have eaten (in the past) provided they abstain (from the forbidden), and believe (firmly), and do righteous deeds (5:93).’ Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said to me: 'You are among them.'"


Ikrimah Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that a man came to the Prophet ﷺ and said: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ When I eat meat and I long for women and my sexual desires get the best of me. So, I made meat unlawful for myself.' So, Allah revealed: O you who believe! Forbid not the wholesome things which Allah has made lawful for you, and do not transgress. Surely Allah loves not the transgressors. And eat of that which Allah has provided you as lawful and wholesome (5:87-88)."


Ali (RA) said: "When (the following) was revealed: And Hajj to the House is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, for those who are able to undertake the journey (3:97). They asked: 'O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ Every year?' But he was silent. So, they said: 'O Messenger of Allah! ﷺ Every year?' He said: 'No. If I had said yes, then it would have been obligatory.' And Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He, revealed: O you who believe! Question not about things which, if they were disclosed to you, would annoy you (5:101)."


Anas bin Malik (RA) said that a man said: "O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ Who is my father?" He said: "Your father is so-and-so." He said: "So (the following) was revealed: O you who believe! Question not about things which, if they were disclosed to you, would annoy you (5:101)."


Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (RA) said: "O you people! You recite this Ayah: ‘O you who believe! Guard your own souls. He who has gone astray cannot harm you, if you are rightly guided’ (5:105). I indeed heard Allah’s Apostle ﷺ say: 'When the people observe the wrongdoer, and they do not stop him (from doing wrong), then it is soon that Allah shall envelope you in a punishment from Him.'"


Umayah Ash-Sha'bani said: "I went to Abu Tha'labah Al-Khushani and asked him: 'How do you deal with this Ayah?' He said: 'Which Ayah?' I said: 'Allah's saying: O you who believe! Guard your own souls. He who has gone astray cannot harm you, if you are rightly guided (5:105).' He said: 'Well, by Allah! I asked one well-informed about it, I asked Allah’s Apostle ﷺ concerning it. [So] he said: "Rather, comply with (and order) the good, and stay away from (and prohibit) the evil, until you see avarice obeyed, desires followed, and the world preferred, and everyone is amazed with his view. Then you should be worried about yourself in particular and worry of the common folk. Ahead of you are the days in which patience is like holding onto an ember, for the doer (of righteous deeds) during them is the like of the reward of fifty of those who do the like of what you do." 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said: "It was added for me, by other than 'Utbah, that it was said: 'O Apostle of Allah! The reward of fifty men among us, or them?' He said: 'No! Rather the reward of fifty men among you.'"


Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated from Tamim Ad-Dari (RA), regarding this Ayah: O you who believe! When death approaches any of you then take the testimony (5:106). He said: "The people are innocent of it, other than myself and Adi bin Badda.' We were Christians who used to frequently visit Ash-Sham before Islam." They went to Ash-Sham for their business, and they were approached by a freed slave of Banu Sahm, who was called Budail bin Abi Maryam, with some trade. He had a bowl they wanted made of silver, but he wanted a great deal for it. Then he became ill, and willed it to them, and he commissioned them to deliver what was left to his family. Tamim said: "When he died, we took that bowl and we sold it for one-thousand Dirham. Then 'Adi bin Badda and I divided it. When we went to his family to give them what was with us, they searched for the bowl and asked about it. We said: 'He did not leave behind other than this, nor did he give us other than this.'" Tamim said: "When I accepted Islam, after the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had arrived in Al-Madinah, I felt guilty about that, so I went to his family, and informed them about what had happened. I gave them fifty-thousand Dirham and told them my companion had the same. They took him to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) but he asked them for their proof, which they did not have, so he ordered them, to have him to take an oath in accordance with whatever the people of his religion revered, so he took the oath. Then Allah revealed: 'O you who believe! When death approaches any of you then take the testimony...' up to His saying: 'Or else they would fear that oaths will be admitted after their oaths (5:106).'" So 'Amr bin Al-'As and another man stood to take an oath, and the fifty-thousand Dirham was taken from 'Adi bin Badda.'"


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "A man from Banu Sahm went out with Tamim Ad-Dari (RA) and Adi bin Badda. The Sahmi man died in a land in which there were no Muslims. When they arrived with what he left behind, they searched for a bowl made of silver which was inlaid with gold. Allah’s Apostle ﷺ had the two of them take an oath. Then they found the bowl in Makkah, and the person said: 'We purchased it from Tamim and 'Adi.' So, two men among the relatives of the Sahmi man stood to take an oath by Allah that they (his family) had more right to it than them." He said: "So it was about them that the following was revealed: O you who believe! (When death approaches any of you then) take the testimony (5:106)."


Ammar bin Yasir (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: 'The Ma'idah was sent down from the Heavens with bread and meat. And they were ordered to not be deceitful with it and hide it for tomorrow. So, they were deceitful with it and they hid it, so it was raised up in the morning. Then they were metamorphosed into apes and swine.'"


Abu Hurairah (RA) said: "Eisa (AS) was taught his argument, Allah taught him regarding His saying: And (recall) when Allah will say, 'O Eisa son of Maryam! Did you say to mankind? Take me and my mother for two gods besides Allah? '" Abu Hurairah narrated from the Apostle of Allah ﷺ: "So Allah taught him: Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden (5:116).' The entire Ayah.


Abdullah bin Amr (RA) said: " Surat Al-Ma'idah and Al-Fath was the last Surah revealed."

Chapter No: 6

Narrated from Ali (RA) that Abu Jahl said to the Prophet ﷺ: 'We do not deny you, but we deny what you came with.' So, Allah Most High revealed: It is not you that they deny but is Allah's Ayat which the wrong-doers reject (6:33)."


Jabir bin 'Abdullah (RA) said: "When this Ayah was revealed: 'Say: He is able to send forth upon you chastisement from above you or from beneath your feet.' The Prophet ﷺ said: 'I seek refuge in Your Face.' So when (the following) was revealed: ‘Or to confuse you in factions and to make you taste the tyranny of one another (6:65).' The Prophet ﷺ said: 'This is lighter ' or 'This is easier.'"


Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (RA) Narrated from the Prophet ﷺ, about this Ayah "Say: He is able to send forth upon you chastisement from above you or from beneath your feet...' the Prophet ﷺ said "Indeed they shall be, even though they have not occurred as of yet."


Abdullah (RA) said: "When the following (Ayah) was revealed: Those who believe and have not confounded their faith with Zulm (wrong) (6:82) - That bothered some Muslims, so they said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! Which of us has not wronged himself?' He said: 'It is not that, it is only Shirk, have you not heard what Luqman said to his son: O my son! Do not commit Shirk with Allah. Verily Shirk is a tremendous Zulm (wrong) (31:13).'"


Masruq said: "I was sitting in a reclined position in the presence of Aishah (RA) when she said: 'O Abu Aishah! There are three things that if anyone speaks one of them then he forges a lie against Allah. Whoever claims that Muhammad ﷺ saw his Lord. Then he forges a lie against Allah. Allah says: "Vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends all vision. He is the Subtle, the Aware."(6:103) "And it is not (vouchsafed) to a mortal that Allah should speak to him, except by revelation or from behind a veil." (42 : 51) Masruq said: “I was reclining so I sat up and said: 'O Mother of the Believers! Take your time with me and do not be hasty with me! Did Allah Most High not say: And indeed, he saw him at a second descent (53:13). (And) 'And indeed he saw him in the clear horizon (81:23).' She said 'By Allah! I was the first who asked the Apostle of Allah ﷺ about this. He said: "That was only Jibril (AS). I did not see him in the appearance he was created in except for these two times. I saw him descending from the heavens, and due to his tremendous size, he filled what was between the heavens and the earth." "And whoever claimed that Muhammad ﷺ hid anything that Allah revealed to him, then he has indeed forged a lie against Allah. As Allah says: O Messenger! convey that which has been revealed to you from your Lord (5:67)." "And whoever claimed that he ﷺ knew what would be tomorrow, then he has forged one of the worst lies against Allah. Allah says: Say: 'None in the heavens and in the earth knows the unseen except Allah (27:65).'"


Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) said: "Some people came to the Prophet ﷺ and they asked: 'O Apostle of Allah! Why is it that we can eat what we kill but we can not eat what Allah has killed?' So, Allah revealed: ‘So eat of that on which Allah's Name has been mentioned if you are indeed believers in His Ayat..." up to His saying: ...And if you obey them, then you would indeed be idolaters (6:121).’"


Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) said: "Whoever wishes to look at the Sahifah which Muhammad ﷺ placed his seal upon, then let him look at these Ayat, 'Say: Come, I will recite to you what your Lord has forbidden you: That you associate not anything with Him... up to His saying "That you may have Taqwa (6:151-153).'"


Abu Sa'eed (RA) narrated from the Prophet ﷺ, about the saying of Allah, Most High: Or certain signs of your Lord should come (6:158). He (ﷺ) said: "The sun's rising from its setting place."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "There are three things, which when they appear, a soul will not benefit by its faith, if it did not believe before the Signs: Ad-Dajjal, the Beast, and the rising of the sun from its setting place" - or "from the west."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Allah, Blessed and Most High, has said - and His saying is the Truth: ' When My slave resolves to do a good deed, I record a good deed for him and if puts it into action, I record for him ten like it. When he resolves to commit a sin, I do not record it, and if he acts on it then I record one like it, but, if he abandons it’ - and perhaps he said: ‘if he does not act upon it, then write a good reward for him.'" Then he ﷺ recited: Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten-fold the like of it (6:160).

Chapter No: 7

Narrated from Anas (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ recited this Ayah: So when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He made it collapse to dust (7:143) - Hammad said: "Like this." Sulaiman held his thumb over the tip of his finger on the right hand (so that only the tip of one finger was protruding) - and he [the Prophet (ﷺ)] said: "So the mountain collapsed. 'And Musa fell down unconscious.'"


Narrated from Muslim bin Yasar Al-Juhani that Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) was asked about this Ayah: “And when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, that is, from their backs, their progeny, and made them testify about themselves, ‘Am I not your Lord?’ They said, “Of course, You are, we affirm”, lest you should say on the Day of Doom, “We were ignorant of this." (7:172)." So Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said: "I heard Allah’s Apostle ﷺ being asked about it. So, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: 'Indeed Allah created Adam, then He wiped his back with His Right Hand, and his offspring came out of him. So, he said: "I created these for Paradise, and they will do the deeds of the people of Paradise." Then He wiped his back, and his offspring came out of him. So, He said: "I created these for the Fire, and they will do the deeds of the people of the Fire." A man said: 'Then of what good is doing deeds O Apostle of Allah ﷺ!' The Apostle of Allah ﷺsaid: 'Verily, when Allah created a man for Paradise, He makes him perform the deeds of the people of Paradise, until he dies doing one of the deeds of the people of Paradise. So, Allah will admit him into Paradise. And when He created a man for the Fire, He makes him perform the deeds of the people of the Fire until he dies doing the deeds of the people of the Fire. So, Allah will enter him into the Fire.'"


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "When Allah created Adam He wiped his back and every person that He created among his offspring until the Day of Resurrection fell out of his back. He placed a ray of light between the eyes of every person. Then He showed them to Adam and he said: 'O Lord! Who are these people?' He said: 'These are your offspring.' He saw one of them whose ray between his eyes amazed him, so he said: 'O Lord! Who is this?' He said: 'This is a man from the latter nations of your offspring called Dawud (AS).' He said: 'Lord! How long did You make his lifespan?' He said: 'Sixty years.' He said: 'O Lord! Add forty years from my life to his.' So, at the end of Adam's life, the Angel of death of came to him, and he said: 'Do I not have forty years remaining?' He said: 'Did you not give them to your son Dawud?'" He said: "Adam denied, so his offspring denied, and Adam forgot and his offspring forgot, and Adam sinned, so his offspring sinned."


Narrated from Samurah bin Jundab (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "When Hawwa (AS) became pregnant, Iblis came to her - and her children would not live (after birth) - so he said: 'Name him 'Abdul-Harith.' So, she named him 'Abdul-Harith and he lived. So that is among the inspirations of Ash-Shaitan and his commands."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "When Allah created Adam" (and he mentioned) the Hadith (#3076).

Chapter No: 8

Mus'ab bin Sa'd narrated from his father who said: "On the Day of Badr I brought a sword, so I said: 'O Apostle of Allah! Indeed, Allah has satisfied my breast on the idolaters - or something like that - give me this sword.' So, he said: 'This is not for me, nor is it for you.' I thought to myself: 'Perhaps he will give this to someone who did not go through some struggle I went through (fighting).' So, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ came to me and he said: 'You asked me, but it was not up to me. But now it has occurred that it is up to me, so it is yours.'" He said: "So the following verse was revealed: ‘They ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger: So, fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves: Obey Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe (8:1).’"


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "When Allah’s Apostle ﷺ had finished with (the battle of) Badr, it was said to him: 'You have to get the caravan, you cannot settle for less than that.' Al-'Abbas called out while he was bound up: 'There is no use.' He said: 'For Allah, Most High, has promised you one of the two parties, and He gave you what He promised you.' He said: 'He has said the truth.'"


Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) said: "The Prophet ﷺ looked towards the polytheists and they were one thousand in number while his Companions were three-hundred and ten and some odd number of men. So, the Prophet of Allah ﷺ faced towards the Qiblah, stretched forth his hands and began beseeching his Lord: 'O Allah! Fulfill what You promised for me. O Allah! Bring about what You promised for me. O Allah! If you destroy this band of adherents to Islam, you will not be worshiped upon the earth,' He continued beseeching his Lord with his hands stretched, facing the Qiblah until his cloak fell from his shoulders. Abu Bakr came to him, took his cloak and placed it back upon his shoulders, then embraced him from behind and said: 'O Prophet of Allah! You have sufficiently beseeched your Lord, indeed He shall fulfill what He promised you.' So, Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed: When you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): 'I am going to support you with one thousand of the angels, one following the other (8:9).'”


Abu Burdah bin Abi Musa narrated from his father, that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Allah sent down two guarantees of safety for the benefit of my Ummah: (as mentioned in the Ayah) ‘And Allah is not to send punishment upon them while you are in their midst, nor would Allah send punishment upon them while they are seeking forgiveness’ (8:33). So, when I depart, I leave Istighfar (seeking forgiveness) among them until the Day of Resurrection."


Narrated from Uqbah bin Amir (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ recited this Ayah upon the Minbar: “And make ready against them whatever you can to the power (8:60).” He said: "Verily! Power is shooting" - thrice - "Verily! Allah will open the earth for you and suffice you with supplies, so let none of you forsake practicing with his arrows."


Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) said: "On the Day of Badr, when the captives were brought, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said 'What do you suggest about these captives?' Then a lengthy account follows in the hadith. And the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said 'None of them should be released without a ransom, or a blow to the neck.'" So 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) said: "O Apostle of Allah! ﷺ With the exception of Suhail bin Baidam for indeed I heard him mentioning Islam." He said: "So the Apostle of Allah ﷺ was silent." He said: "I have not seen a day upon which I was more fearful of stones falling from the heavens upon my head that the day." [He said:] "Until the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'Except for Suhail bin Al-Baida.'" He said: "And the Qur'an was revealed in accordance with the view of Umar (RA). 'It is not (fitting) for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of war until he has fought (his enemies thoroughly) in the land...' until the end of the Ayat."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "None of the black heads (meaning the Children of Adam since (most of) their heads are black) before you partook of spoils of war, but fire from the heavens would descend upon them, consuming them." Sulaiman (one of the narrators) said "No one says this except for Abu Hurairah now. "So, on the day of Badr when they had the spoils of war before it was made lawful for them, Allah Most High revealed: ‘Had there not been a writ from Allah which came earlier, there would have reached you, for what you took, a great punishment.’"

Chapter No: 9

Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "I asked Uthman bin 'Affan (RA): 'What was your reasoning with Al-Anfal - while it is from the Muthani (Surah with less than one-hundred Ayat), and Bara'ah while it is from the Mi'in (Surah with about one-hundred Ayat), then you put them together, without writing the line Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim between them, and you placed them with the seven long (Surah) - why did you do that?' So 'Uthman (RA) said: 'A long time might pass upon the Apostle of Allah ﷺ without anything being revealed to him, and then sometimes a Surah with numerous (Ayat) might be revealed. So, when something was revealed, he would call for someone who could write, and say: "Put these Ayat in the Surah which mentions this and that in it." When an Ayah was revealed, he would say: "Put this Ayah in the Surah which mentions this and that in it." Now Al-Anfal was among the first of those revealed in Al-Madinah, and Bara'ah among the last of those revealed of the Qur'an, and its narrations (those of Bara'ah) resembled its narrations (those of Al-Anfal), so we thought that it was part of it. Then the Apostle of Allah ﷺ passed away, and it was not made clear to us whether it was part of it. So, it is for this reason that we put them together without writing Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim between them, and we put that with the seven long (Surahs).'"


Sulaiman bin 'Amr bin Al-Ahwas said: "My father narrated to me that he was the with the Apostle of Allah ﷺ in the Farewell Hajj. He ﷺ praised and glorified Allah, gave advice and delivered the sermon, asking: 'Which day is most sacred? Which day is most sacred? Which day is most sacred?' He said: "So the people said: 'The day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar O Apostle of Allah!' So, he said: 'Indeed, your blood, your wealth, your honor, is as sacred for you as the sacredness of this day of yours, in this city of yours, in this month of yours. Behold! None commits a crime but against himself, none offends a father for a son, nor a son for a father. Behold! Indeed the Muslim is the brother of the Muslim, so it is not lawful for the Muslim to do anything to his brother, which is not lawful to be done to himself. Behold! All Riba from Jahiliyyah is invalid, for you is the principle of your wealth, but your are not to wrong nor be wronged - except in the case of Riba of Al-'Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib - otherwise it is all invalid. Behold! All retribution regarding cases of blood during Jahiliyyah are invalid. The first case of blood retribution invalidated among those of Jahiliyyah, is the blood of Al-Harith bin 'Abdul-Muttalib who was nursed among Banu Laith and killed by Hudhail. Know that I instruct you about women be good to them, for, they are with you under Allah’s security. You own nothing of them save that if they commit open indecency. If they do that then separate them from your bed and beat them lightly. And if they obey you then do not seek pretext against them. Know that you have right over your women and your women have right over you. As for your right over your women, it is that they should not allow those people to come near your bed whom you dislike and allow no one in your house whom you dislike. And know that their right over you is that you be good to them in regard to their clothing and their food.'"


Ali (RA) said: "I asked Allah’s Apostle ﷺ concerning the day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar, and he said: "The day of An-Nahr.( sacrifice) "


Ali (RA) said: "The day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar is the day of An-Nahr."


Anas bin Malik (RA) said: "The Prophet ﷺ sent Abu Bakr (RA) with the (announcement of) Bara'ah (the declaration to publicize the disavowal of the idolaters). Then he summoned him and said: 'It is not right for anyone to convey this except a man among my family.'" So, he called for 'Ali and gave it to him."


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: " Allah’s Apostle ﷺ sent Abu Bakr (RA) ordering him to announce these statements (of bara’ah). Then Ali (RA) followed him. When Abu Bakr (RA) was still on the way, he heard the heavy breathing of Al-Qiswa, the she camel of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, so Abu Bakr (RA) came out frightened because he thought that it was the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, but it was 'Ali (RA), he gave him the letter of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ, in which he commanded 'Ali (RA) to announce the statements. So, he left to perform Hajj. During the day of At-Tashriq 'Ali stood to announce: 'The protection of Allah and His Apostle is removed from every idolater. So, travel in the land for four months. The idolaters will not perform Hajj after this year nor make tawaf of the House naked. And no one but a believer will enter Paradise.' Ali (RA) proclaimed and when he was tired, Abu Bakr (RA) made the proclamation of it."


Zaid bin Yuthai said: "We asked Ali (RA) what he had been dispatched with during the Hajj. He said: 'I was sent with four (messages): That the tawaf of the House will not be made in the nude; he who has a covenant with the Prophet ﷺ ,(must know) that it will expire on its term but he who has no covenant has a period of four months; that no one but a believing soul will enter Paradise; and that the polytheists and the Muslims will not gather together after this year.'


Narrated from Abu Sa'eed (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "When you see a man accustomed to go to the Masjid then bear testimony for him that he possesses faith. Allah the Exalted has said: "The mosques of Allah shall be visited and maintained by such as believe in Allah and the Last Day." (9:18) "


Thawban (RA) said: "When (the following) Ayah was revealed: And those who hoard up gold and silver... (9:34)" He said: "We were with the Apostle of Allah ﷺ during one of his journeys, so some of his Companions said: (This) has been revealed about gold and silver, if we knew which wealth was better then we would use it. So, he ﷺ said: ' The best of it is a tongue that remembers Allah, a heart that is grateful, a believing wife who helps husband in his faith.'"


Adi bin Hatim (RA) said: "I came to the Prophet ﷺ while I was wearing a cross of gold around my neck. He said: 'O 'Adi! Remove this idol from yourself!' And I heard him reciting from Surah Bara'ah: They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords besides Allah (9:31). He said: 'As for them, they did not worship them, but when they made something lawful for them, they adopted it as lawful, and when they made something unlawful for them, they adopted it as unlawful.'"


Abu Bakr (RA) said: "While we were in the cave, I said to the Prophet ﷺ: 'If one of them were to look down at his feet, then he would see us under his feet.' So he said: 'O Abu Bakr! What do you think about two, the third of whom is Allah?'"


Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "I heard 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) saying: 'When 'Abdullah bin Ubayy passed away, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ was called to offer the funeral prayer over him. Allah’s Apostle ﷺ came to him, and when he stood over him, about to offer the prayer, he turned until he was standing at his chest. I said: "O Apostle of Allah! (You pray) for Allah's enemy 'Abdullah bin Ubayy, who on this day said this and that" - mentioning different days. He said: "The Apostle of Allah ﷺ was smiling until I had said too much to him and he said: 'Leave me O 'Umar! Indeed, I have been given the choice, so I chose. I was told: Whether you ask forgiveness for them, or do not ask for forgiveness for them. Even though you ask for their forgiveness seventy times, Allah will not forgive them (9:80). If I knew that were I to ask more than seventy times that he would be forgiven, then I would do so." He said: "Then he offered the Salah for him and walked with him (his funeral procession) and he stood at his grave until it was finished. I was amazed at myself and my daring to talk like that to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, while Allah and His Apostle ﷺ know better. But by Allah! It was not long until these two Ayat were revealed: 'And never pray for any of them who dies nor stand at his grave... (9:84) until the end of the Ayah. He said: "So afterwards the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) did not offer the Salah for a hypocrite, nor would he stand at his grave until Allah took him."


Ibn 'Umar (RA) said: "Abdullah bin 'Abdullah bin Ubayy came to the Apostle of Allah ﷺ when his father died and said: 'Give me your shirt to shroud him in and offer the (funeral) Salah upon him and seek forgiveness for him.' So, he ﷺ gave him his shirt, and said: 'When you are finished then inform me.' So, when he intended to offer the Salah, Umar (RA) tugged at him and said: 'Has not Allah prohibited that you offer Salah over the hypocrites?' He said: 'I have been given the choice between two: 'Whether you seek forgiveness for them or you do not seek forgiveness for them.... (9:80)' So he offered the Salah for him. Then Allah revealed: 'And never pray for any of them who dies, nor stand at his grave... (9:84)' So he abandoned praying for them."


Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (RA) said: "Two men argued over the Masjid whose foundation was laid upon Taqwa from the first day (9:108). A man said: 'It is Masjid Quba' and the other said: 'It is the Masjid of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ.' So the Apostle of Allah ﷺ said: 'It is this Masjid of mine.'"


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said: "This Ayah was revealed about the people of Quba: In it are men who love to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who make themselves pure (9:108)." He said: "They used water to perform Istinja so this Ayah was revealed about them."


Ali (RA) said: "I heard a man seeking forgiveness for his polytheist parents, so I said to him: 'You seek forgiveness for your parents while they were polytheist?' He said: 'Did Ibrahim (RA) not seek forgiveness for his father, and he was a polytheist?' So, I mentioned that to the Prophet ﷺ and (the following Ayah) was revealed: It is not for the Prophet and the believers to seek forgiveness for those who associate partners with Allah s (9:113)."


Abdur-Rahman bin Ka'b bin Malik Narrated from his father who said: "I did not remain behind from any of the battles the Prophet ﷺ fought in, until the battle of Tabuk, except for Badr. And the Prophet ﷺ did not scold anyone who remained behind from Badr, because he only went out to look for the caravan. The Quraish came out to help their caravan, so they met without an appointment as Allah the Mighty and Sublime, said. By my life, people consider the most honorable of battles of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ to be that of Badr, but I would not have liked to attend it instead of my oath of allegiance on the night of Al-'Aqabah when we took a covenant for Islam. Afterwards, I did not stay behind from the Prophet ﷺ until the battle of Tabuk, and it was the last of the battles he fought. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ informed the people of the departure" - and he mentioned the Hadith in its entirety and said - "So I went to the Prophet (ﷺ) and he was sitting in the Masjid, surrounded by the Muslims. He was beaming like the moon beams. When he was happy about a matter he would beam. So I came and said in front of him. He said: 'Receive glad tidings - O Ka'b bin Malik - of the best day you have seen since your mother bore you!' So I said: 'O Prophet of Allah! Is it from Allah or from you?' He said: 'From Allah.' Then he recited these Ayat: Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin, and the Ansar who followed him in the time of distress, after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated, but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful (9:117). [until he reached: Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful (9:118).] He said: "And it was about us that (the following) was revealed as well: Have Taqwa of Allah and be with those who are true (9:119)." He said: "O Prophet of Allah! Part of my repentance is to not say but the truth and give up all of my wealth as charity for Allah and His Messenger.' So the Prophet ﷺ said: 'Keep some of your wealth for yourself, for indeed that is better for you.' I said: 'So I will keep my share from Al-Khaibar.'" He said: "So after my acceptance of Islam, Allah did not grant me a greater favor than when I and my two companions told the truth to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and we were not among the liars to be ruined like the others were ruined. Indeed, I hope that Allah will not test anyone over telling the truth as he tested me. I did not resort to a lie ever since then, and I hope that Allah will protect me regarding what remains to come."


Narrated from Az-Zuhri that Zaid bin Thabit (RA) said: “Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (RA) sent for me after the killing of warriors in (the Battle of) Yamamah- and Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) was with him. He (Abu Bakr) said: 'Umar (RA) came to me and said: The fighting inflicted many casualties among the reciters of the Qur'an on the Day of Al-Yamamah, and I fear that there will be more casualties among the reciters in other parts of the land, such that much of the Qur'an may be lost. In my view, you should order that the Qur'an be collected.' Abu Bakr (Ra) had said to Umar (RA): ‘How can I do something which was not done by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ?’ Umar (RA) said: 'By Allah! It is something good.' ‘Umar (RA) continued trying to convince me until Allah opened up my chest to that which He had opened the chest of Umar (RA), and I saw it as he saw it.’" Zaid said: “Abu Bakr (RA) said: ‘You are a young wise man, and we have no suspicions of you. You used to write down the Revelation for the Apostle of Allah ﷺ as the Qur'an was revealed.’ He (Zaid) said: “By Allah! If they had ordered to move one of the mountains it would have been lighter on me than that.” He said: “I said: ‘How will you do something which was not done by the Apostle of Allah ﷺ?’ Abu Bakr said: ‘By Allah! It is something good.’ Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA) continued trying to convince me, until Allah opened up my chest for that, just as He had opened their chests, the chest of Abu Bakr (RA) and the chest of Umar (RA). So, I began searching for Qur'anic material from parchments, leaf stalks of date-palms and Al-Likhaf - meaning stones - and the chests of men. I found the end of Surah Bara'ah with Khuzaimah bin Thabit: Verily, there has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He is eager for you; for the believers (he is) full of pity, kind, and merciful. But if they turn away, say: "Allah is sufficient for me. There is no god but He, in Him I put my trust, and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne (9:128 & 129).'"


Anas (RA) said: "Hudhaifah bin Al-Yaman (RA) came to Uthman (RA), at the time when the people of Ash-Sham and the people of Al-'Iraq were waging war to conquer Arminiyah and Adharbijan. Hudhaifah saw their (the people of Ash-Sham and Al-'Iraq) different forms of recitation of the Qur'an. So, he said to Uthman (RA): 'O Commander of the Believers! Save this nation before they differ about the Book as the Jews and the Christians did before them.' So he ('Uthman) sent a message to Hafsah (RA) (saying): 'Send us the manuscripts so that we may copy them in the Musahif (plural of Mushaf: a written copy of the Qur'an) then we shall return it to you.' So Hafsah (RA) sent the manuscripts to 'Uthman bin 'Affan. Uthman (RA) then sent order for Zaid bin Thabit (RA), Sa'eed bin Al-'As (RA), Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham (RA), and Abdullah bin Az-Zubair to copy the manuscripts in the Musahif. 'Uthman (RA) said to the three Quraish men: 'In case you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit on any point in the (recitation dialect of the) Qur'an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish for it was in their tongue.' So, when they had copied the manuscripts, 'Uthman (RA) sent one Mushaf from those Musahif that they had copied to every province." Az-Zuhri said: "Kharijah bin Zaid [bin Thabit] narrated to me that Zaid bin Thabit said: 'I missed an Ayah of Surat Al-Ahzab that I heard the Apostle of Allah ﷺ reciting: Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah, of them some have fulfilled their obligations, and some of them are still waiting (33:23) - so I searched for it and found it with Khuzaimah bin Thabit, or Abu Khuzaimah, so I put it in its Surah.'" Az-Zuhri said: "They differed then with At-Tabut and At-Tabuh. The Quraish said: At-Tabut while Zaid said: At-Tabuh. Their disagreement was brought to 'Uthman (RA), so he said: 'Write it as At-Tabut, for it was revealed in the tongue of the Quraish.'" Az-Zuhri said: "'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah bin 'Utbah informed me that 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) disliked Zaid bin Thabit copying the Musahif, and he said: 'O you Muslim people! I am removed from recording the transcription of the Mushaf and it is overseen by a man, by Allah, when I accepted Islam, he was but in the loins of a disbelieving man' - meaning Zaid bin Thabit - and it was regarding this that 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud said: 'O people of Al-'Iraq! Keep the Musahif that are with you and conceal them. For indeed Allah said: And whoever conceals something, he shall come with what he concealed on the Day of Judgement (3:161). So, meet Allah with the Musahif.'" Az-Zuhri said: "It was conveyed to me that some men amongst the most virtuous of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ disliked that view of Ibn Mas'ud."

Chapter No: 10

Suhaib (RA) narrated from the Prophet ﷺ, regarding the saying of Allah Most High: For those who do good there is the best and something more (10:26) - He ﷺ said: "When the inhabitants of Paradise have entered Paradise a caller will call out: 'Indeed there remains for you a promise with Allah, and He wants to reward you with it.' They will say: ‘Has He not made our faces radiant and saved us from Hell and admitted us to Paradise?'" He said: "So the Veil will be lifted." He said: "By Allah! Nothing given to them [by Allah] will be more beloved to them than looking at Him."


Ata bin Yasar narrated from a man among the people of Egypt who said: "I asked Abu Ad-Darda (RA) about this Ayah: For them there is the good news in the worldly life and in the Hereafter." (10: 64) He said, “No one else had asked me about it since I asked Allah’s Apostle ﷺ, and he ﷺsaid: "No one asked me about it other than you, since it was revealed. It is the righteous dream that the Muslims sees, or that it seen about him."


Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "When Allah drowned Fir'awn he said: ‘I believe that there is no God but the One in Whom the children of Israel believe.' So Jibrail (AS) said: 'O Muhammad! ﷺ If you could only have seen me, while I was picking up mud from the sea and pouring it in his mouth out of fear that the mercy would reach him (because of what he was saying).'"


Shu'bah said: "'Adi bin Thabit and 'Ata bin As-Sa'ib informed me, from Sa'eed bin Jubair, from Ibn Abbas (RA)- and one of them mentioned that it was from the Prophet ﷺ - that he mentioned that Jibra'il (AS) began shoving clay in the mouth of Fir'awn out of fear that he would say La Ilaha Illallah and Allah would have mercy upon him - or fearing that Allah would have mercy upon him."

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