Sayings of the Messenger احادیثِ رسول اللہ

 
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Jami' At-Tirmidhi

Book: Chapters on Prayer (2)    أبواب الصلاة

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Chapter No: 1

Narrated from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet ﷺ said: “twice Jibril (peace be upon him) led me in Salah near Allah’s House (Ka’bah). So the first time he offered Zuhr when the shadow was similar to (the length of) the thong of a shoe. Then he offered Asr when the shadow of everything was equal to it, then he offered Maghrib when the sun had set, and the fasting person breaks fast. Then he offered Isha when the twilight disappeared. Then he offered Fajr when Fajr (dawn) began, and when food is prohibited for a fasting person. Then on the second time he prayed Zuhr when the shadow of everything was like (the length of) it, at the time of Asr the day before. Then he offered Asr when the shadow of everything was about twice as long. Then he offered Maghrib at the same time as he did the first time. Then he prayed Isha, the later one, when a third of the night had finished. Then he offered Fajr when the land glowed. Then Jibril turned towards me and said: "O Muhammad! ﷺ These are the times of the Prophets before you, and the (best) time is what is between these two times."


Narrated from Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) that the Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Jibril (AS) led me (in Salah)". He mentioned something similar to the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (no. 149) in meaning, but he did not mention (about Zuhr): "At the time of Asr the day before."


Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed for (the time of) every Salah (there is an) initial and final time. The initial time for Zuhr is when the sun passes the zenith (declines) and its final time is when Asr commences. The initial time of Asr is when it sets in till when the sun turns yellow (turns pale). The initial time of Maghrib is with sunset, and its final time when redness on the horizons disappears. (i.e., the horizon is invisible because of darkness). The initial time for Isha, the later one, is when redness on the horizons disappears, and its final time is when the night is at its half. The initial time for Fajr is from true dawn, and its final time is when the sun rises."


Narrated from Sulaiman bin Buraidah that his father said: “A man came to the Prophet ﷺ to ask him about the times for Salah. So he said: ‘Stay with us, In sha Allah’, So he ordered Bilal (RA) to call the Iqamah at the time of rise of dawn, then he ordered him to call the Iqamah when the Sun passed the zenith (declined), then he offered Zuhr. Then he ordered him to call the Iqamah to pray Asr while the sun was high and bright. Then he ordered him (to call the Iqamah for) Maghrib when the (top) edge of the sun had set. Then he ordered him to call the Iqamah for Isha when the redness of horizon (twilight) had vanished. Then he ordered him in the morning (to give the call for Fajr prayer), when the light of Fajr glowed. Then he ordered (him to call the Iqamah for) Zuhr, so he waited well until it had cooled. Then he ordered him to call the Iqamah for Asr, so he called the Iqamah while the sun was later in its position than what it was (the day before). Then he ordered him to delay Maghrib until right before the twilight had disappeared. Then he ordered him (to call the Iqamah) for Isha, so he called the Iqamah when a third of the night had passed. Then he said: ‘Where is the one who asked about the times for the Salah?’ So the man said, ‘It is I.’ so he said: ‘the times for the Salah are what are between these two.’

Chapter No: 2

Narrated from Aishah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ would offer Fajr (at such time that) the women would return (after the prayer)." AI-Ansari (one of the narrators) said, “the women would pass by wrapped in their cloaks unrecognized because of the darkness." And Qutaibah said: "covered." (Instead of "wrapped.")

Chapter No: 3

Rafi bin Khadij (RA) said that I heard Allah's Apostle ﷺ saying: “Offer Fajr at AI-Isfar (good light), for indeed there is more reward in it."

Chapter No: 4

Aishah (RA) said: "I did not see anyone offering the Salah of Zuhr earlier than Allah's Apsotle ﷺ did and not even (earlier) than Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA).”


Narrated from Anas bin Malik (RA) that Allah's Apostle ﷺ offered Zuhr when the sun had passed the zenith (declined).

Chapter No: 5

Narrated from Abu Hurairah that Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: "When the heat is intense postpone the (Zuhr) Salah till it is cooler because the severity of heat is the effect of the raging of the Hell."


Narrated from Abu Dhar (RA) that Allah's Apostle ﷺ was on a journey along with Bilal (RA). So Bilal (RA) intended to call the Iqamah for the Salah of Zuhr, but the Prophet ﷺ said, "Let It cool down!" Then he again intended to call. Allah's Messenger ﷺ said: "Let it be cooler for the Zuhr." He (i.e., Abu Dhār) said: "Until we saw the shadows of the hillocks, then he commanded that the Iqamah be called and then led the people in prayer”. So Allah's Messenger ﷺ said: “The severity of heat is from the raging of Hell, so wait until it becomes cooler for the (Zuhr) prayer.”

Chapter No: 6

Urwah narrated from Aishah) RA) that Allah's Apsotle ﷺ offered Asr while the sun was still (shining) in her room, (and) no shadow appeared from her chamber.


Al-Ala bin Abdur-Raman narrated that he entered upon Anas bin Malik (RA) at his home in Al Basrah when he returned after offering Zuhr, and his home was next to the Masjid. So, he said: “Stand up and pray Asr." He (Al-Ala) said that we stood up and prayed. When we were finished he (Anas) said: 'I heard Allah's Apostle ﷺsaying: "it is a hypocrite's Salah that he sits by watching the sun till it is between the two horns of the devil, he rises and pecks four times, not remembering Allah in them but a little."

Chapter No: 7

Narrated from Umm Salamah (RA) that Allah's Apsotle ﷺ used to hasten the Zuhr more than you do, while you hasten Asr more than him.


similar narration from Umm Salamah (RA), And I have in my book, Ali bin Hujr informed me from lsma'il bin Ibrahim, from Ibn Juraij.


Similar narration is reported by Bishr ibn Mu'adh Al-Bari who said that Isma'il ibn Ulayyah narrated to him from Ibn Juraij. This latter chain is more correct.

Chapter No: 8

Salmah bin AI-Akwa narrated that Allah's Apostle ﷺ used to offer Maghrib when the sun had set and it (the sun) had hidden in the veil (of darkness).

Chapter No: 9

An-Nu'man bin Bashir (RA) said: "I am the most knowledgeable among the people about the prescribed time of this prayer, Allah's Messenger ﷺ would offer it when the moon set on the third (of the month)."


A similar narration (from another chain linking to) this chain is also reported from An-Nu'man bin Bashir (RA).

Chapter No: 10

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah's Apsotle ﷺsaid: “Were it not a hardship upon my Ummah, then I would have commanded them to postpone Isha until the third of the night, or its half."

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