Amir bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas narrated from his father, who said: "I fell ill during the year of the Conquest (of Makkah) with an illness bringing me to the brink of death. So Allah’s Apostle ﷺ came to visit me, and I said: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! Indeed I have a great deal of wealth and no one will inherit me except my one daughter, so should I will all of my wealth?' He said: 'No.' I asked: 'Then two-thirds of my wealth?' He replied: 'No.' I asked: 'Then half?' He replied: 'No.' I said: 'Then a third?' He replied: 'One third and one third is too much. Indeed if you leave your heirs rich is better than to leave them in poverty begging from the people. Indeed, you do not spend anything except that you are rewarded for it, even the morsel of food you raise to your wife's mouth.'" He (Sa’d) said: "I asked: 'Will I be left behind from my emigration?' He said: 'You will not be left behind after me, and if you do deeds seeking pleasure of Allah, your rank will be raised. Perhaps you will remain until some people benefit from you and others will be harmed by you. O Allah! Complete the emigration of my companions and do not turn them on their heels. But the unfortunate Sad ibn Khawlah! Allah’s Apostle ﷺ grieved for him, he died at Makkah.
Chapter No: 1
Chapter No: 2
Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Indeed a man, and a woman, perform deeds in obedience to Allah for sixty years, then death approaches them, and they wrong (others) in the will such that the Fire becomes warranted for them. “Then he recited: After payment of legacies he (or she) may have bequeathed or debts, without causing harm. This is a Commandment from Allah…. His saying: That is the magnificent success. (Ch:4, V:11-13)
Chapter No: 3
Narrated from Ibn Umar (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "It is not correct for a Muslim man to spend two nights, having what he should will, without having his will written with him."
Chapter No: 4
Talhah bin Musarrif said: "I said to Ibn Abi Awfa: Did Allah’s Apostle ﷺ leave a will?' He said: 'No' I said: 'How is the will written, and how was it implemented upon the people?' He said: He gave instruction to abide by Allah’s Book."'
Chapter No: 5
Abu Ummah (RA) said: " I heard Allah’s Apostle ﷺ say during the sermon of the Farewell pilgrimage: 'Indeed Allah, Most Blessed and Most High, has assigned the right due to everyone deserving a right. So there is no will for an heir (afterwards), the child is for the bed, and for the adulterer is the stone, and their reckoning is with Allah, Most High. And As for him who traces himself to anyone other than his father, or connects himself to another than his master, then upon him is the continued curse of Allah until the Day of Judgment. The wife is not to spend from her husband's house except with her husband's permission.' They asked: 'O Allah’s Apostleﷺ! Not even food?' He said: 'That is the most virtuous of our wealth.' And he said: 'The borrowed is to be returned, the endowment is to be refunded and the debt is to be repaid, and the guarantor is responsible.'"
Narrated from Amr bin Kharajah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ gave a sermon while sitting on his she-camel, and I was under the front of her neck, and she was chewing her curd, with her saliva dripping between my shoulders. I heard him saying: 'Indeed Allah, Most Blessed and Most High, has given the right due to everyone deserving a right. So there is no will for an heir, the child is for the bed, and for the adulterer is the stone.'"
Chapter No: 6
Al-Harith narrated from Ali (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ judged that the debt should be paid before the will, and you people recite the will before the debt.
Chapter No: 7
Abu Habibah At-Ta'i said: "My brother willed a portion of his wealth to me. So I met Abu Ad-Darda (RA) and said: 'My brother has willed a portion of his wealth to me, so where do you suggest that I should give it- to the poor, the needy, or the Mujahidin in Allah's Cause?' He said: 'As for me, then I would not consider them equal to the Mujahidin. I heard Allah’s Apostle ﷺ saying: "The example of the one who frees a slave at the time of his death is that of the one who gives a gift when he is satisfied (fulfilled his needs)."
Chapter No: 8
Urwah narrated that Aishah (RA) told him that Barrirah (RA) came to her (Aishah) seeking her help for her writ of emancipation, and she had not yet paid anything for her writ of emancipation. So Aishah (RA) said to her: 'Go back to your owners, and if they are agreeable to my paying for your writ of emancipation and that your Wala (the right to inherit from you) will be for me, then I will do so." So Barrirah mentioned that to her owners and they refused. They said: "If she wants the reward for (freeing) you while the Wala is for us, then let her do it." So I mentioned that to Allah’s Apostle ﷺ and Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Buy her, and then free her, for the Wala is only for the one who frees." Then Allah’s Apostle ﷺ stood and said: "What is the case of people who make conditions that are not in Allah's Book? Whoever makes a condition that is not in Allah's Book, then that is invalid, even if he were to make a condition a hundred times."