Sayings of the Messenger احادیثِ رسول اللہ

 
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Jami' At-Tirmidhi

Book: Chapters on Inheritance (29)    أبواب الفرائض

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Chapter No: 1

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Whoever leaves any wealth then it is for his heirs, and whoever leaves poor dependents then it (the responsibility) is for me."

Chapter No: 2

Narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺsaid: "Learn the laws of inheritance and the Quran, and teach it to people, as indeed I am a mortal."

Chapter No: 3

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) said: "The wife of Sa'd bin Ar-Rabi (RA) came to Allah’s Apostle ﷺ along with her two daughters from Sa'd and said; ‘O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! These two are daughters of Sa'd bin Ar-Rabi who fought along with you on the day of Uhud and died as a martyr. Their uncle took their wealth, leaving no wealth for them, and they cannot be married unless they have wealth.' He said: 'Allah will decide on this matter.' So, the verse of inheritance was revealed, so Allah’s Apostle ﷺ sent (word) to their Uncle saying: ‘Give the two daughters of Sa'd two thirds, and give their mother one eighth, and whatever remains, then it is for you.'”

Chapter No: 4

Huzail bin Shurahbil said: "A man came to Abu Musa (RA) and Salman bin Rabiah and asked them about (the share in inheritance for) a daughter, a son's daughter, a father's sister and a mother's sister. So they said: 'For the daughter is half, for the sister of the father and the mother is what remains.' And they said to him: Go to Abdullah (bin Masud) (Ra) and ask him, for surely he will concur with us.' So he went to Abdullah mentioning that to him and informing him what they had said. 'Abdulah said: 'If that were the case, then I would have erred and not been among the rightly-guided (on the matter). Rather, I will judge with what the Apostle of Allah ﷺ judged: For the daughter is half, for the son's daughter a sixth, totaling two-thirds and for the sister is what remains.'"

Chapter No: 5

Al-Harith narrated that Ali (RA) said: "You recite this ayah: ‘After payment of legacies he (or she) may have bequeathed or debts, without causing harm.’ And indeed Allah’s Apostle ﷺ judged the debt before the will and that the children from the same mother and father inherit, not the sons from various mothers (if both exist). The man inherits from his brother from his father, and his mother, not his brother from his father.”


Narrated from Al-Harith that Ali (RA) said: "Allah’s Apostle ﷺ judged that the children from the same mother and father inherit, not the sons from various mothers.”

Chapter No: 6

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) said: “Allah’s Apostle ﷺ visited me while I was ill at Banu Salamah. I asked: 'O Prophet of Allah ﷺ How shall I distribute my wealth among my children?' But he did not answer me, until the following was revealed: ‘Allah commands you regarding your children's (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females.’"

Chapter No: 7

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) said: "I got ill, so Allah’s Apostle ﷺ came to visit me and found me unconscious. He came walking while Abu Bakr and Umar were with him. Then Allah’s Apostle ﷺ made Wudu and poured the remaining water over me, so I regained my senses. I asked: 'O Apostle of Allah ﷺ! How shall I distribute my wealth?' - or - 'What shall I do with my wealth?' He did not reply anything to me" -and he had nine sisters- "until the Ayah about the inheritance was revealed: ‘they ask you for a legal verdict. Say: "Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah." Jabir said: "It was revealed regarding me."

Chapter No: 8

Narrated from Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said: "Give the shares of inheritance to those who have right over them. As for what remains, then it is for the nearest male relative.”

Chapter No: 9

Imran bin Husain (RA) said: "A man came to the Prophet ﷺ and asked, 'My son passed away, so what is my share from inheritance?' He said: 'For you is a sixth.' When he turned to leave, he called him and said: 'For you is additional sixth.' So when he turned to leave, he called him saying: 'The last sixth is consumable for you.'"

Chapter No: 10

Qabisah bin Dhuw'aib said: "A grandmother - the mother of a mother, or the mother of a father - came to Abu Bakr (RA) and she said: 'a son of my son' - or, 'a son of my daughter passed away, and I have been told that there is a right (of inheritance) for me in the Book.' So Abu Bakr (RA) said: 'I do not find that there is a right for you in the Book, and I haven't heard that the Apostle of Allahﷺ judged anything for you. I shall ask the people.' So, Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah testified that Allah’s Apostle ﷺ gave her a sixth. He said: 'And who heard that along with you?' He said: 'Muhammad bin Maslamah." He said: "So he gave her a sixth. Then the other grandmother who was left behind came to 'Umar." Sufyan said: "And Ma'mar said to me in addition, from Az-Zuhri - and I do not remember it to be from A-Zuhri, rather I remember it to be from Ma'mar - that 'Umar said: 'If the two of you are together then it is for both of you, and whichever of you is alone with it (the sixth), then it is for her.'"


Qabisah bin Dhuw'aib said: "A grandmother came to Abu Bakr (RA) to ask him about her inheritance. He said to her, 'There is nothing for you in the Book of Allah and there is nothing for you in the Sunnah of the Apostle of Allah ﷺ So, return until I ask the people. So, he asked the people and Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah said: 'I was present when the Apostle of Allah ﷺ gave her (case) a sixth.' So he said: 'Was anyone else with you?' Muhammad bin Maslamah stood to say the same as what Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah said. So, Abu Bakr (RA) implemented that for her." Then the other grandmother came to 'Umar bin Al-Khattab to ask him about her inheritance. He said: 'There is nothing in the Book of Allah for you, but there is that sixth. So if the two of you are together then it is for both of you, and whichever of you remains), then it is for her.'"

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